What do mice have to do with men and women’s health? It turns out, nearly everything.
Here are a few surprising facts.
- Most medical research begins in laboratories using mice. Until 20 years ago, researchers used only male mice, finding the hormonal cycles of female mice an ‘unnecessary’ complication in experimental design.
- Despite laws today that require all government-funded research to include females in animal and human studies, the sex of the animals is not often stated in published results.
- Further, when clinical trials begin, researchers frequently do not enroll adequate numbers of women or, when they do, they fail to report data separately by sex.
Why does sex matter? Because many diseases, medications, and medical devices impact men and women differently. Here are just a few examples.
Perhaps you saw the report filed by Leslie Stahl on 60 Minutes about Ambien, a commonly prescribed medication, that found women need half the dosing typically recommended by their physicians. Do other drugs need to be adjusted? Most likely, we just don’t know which ones.
Perhaps you know that more women die each year from lung cancer than from breast, ovarian and uterine cancers combined, and that nonsmoking women are three times more likely than nonsmoking men to get lung cancer. We still don’t know why.
Perhaps you watched Dr. Johnson’s TED talk, where she explained sex differences in heart disease and depression, cancer and Alzheimer’s disease and how attention to sex differences in medical research that is already funded and underway will benefit both men AND women’s health.
What does this mean for you and your family?
Make it a habit to ask your physicians if the treatment, diagnostic tests, or medications being prescribed work differently for women and men. They may not know the answer when you ask, but the question may prompt them to find out.
Read “Why Women’s Health Can’t Wait” written by the Connor’s Center for Women’s Health and Gender Biology. Join their Call to Action to hold federal agencies, medical device and pharmaceutical researchers accountable for how their studies address sex.
Consider supporting the work of Dr. Johnson and her colleagues, tireless advocates for Women’s Health, as they work with Congress and leading research institutions to address this issue.
Collectively, we can improve the health of our mothers and grandmothers, sisters and daughters as well as the men in our lives by insisting that the science behind health care accounts for sex differences.
Who knew that mice were so important to our health and well-being?
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